Notarizing Out-of-State Documents
A Colorado notary may notarize out-of-state documents, as long as the notary is completing the notary act within his/her authorized geographical boundaries, and according to the laws of Colorado. Notary laws vary by state. The notary does not need to know or follow the notary laws of the receiving jurisdiction.
A Colorado notary takes an affirmation of office to follow the notary law of Colorado, not the law of other jurisdictions. A Colorado notary may also notarize federal documents and documents from foreign countries.
Notary Certificate Must Include All Required Elements
Questions arise when the pre-printed wording in notarial certificates included in out-of-state documents is different from the normal wording used in Colorado notarial certificates. If the included notarial certificate contains different wording or additional wording, the notary must make sure that all required elements for Colorado are included in the certificate.
Prohibited wording is not allowed, all facts stated must be true and correct, and the notary must not notarize his/her own signature. The signer of the document must appear before the notary to acknowledge or sign the document.
Recognizing Notarial Acts in Out-of-State Documents
According to the Uniform Recognition of Acknowledgments Act (URAA), adopted by 14 states, under CRS 12-55-203, notarial acts may be performed outside of Colorado, for use in Colorado, by the following officials:
a notary public, judge, clerk or deputy clerk of any court, officer of the foreign service of the U.S., a consular agent, any other person authorized by the U.S. Department of State to perform notarial acts, a commissioned officer in active service, any other person authorized by the armed forces to perform notarial acts if the act is performed for a member of the armed forces, or any other person authorized to perform notarial acts in the place in which the act is performed.
Twelve states follow the Uniform Law on Notarial Acts (ULONA or revised RULONA), or other acts, which have similar provisions for accepting out-of-state documents by authorized officials. RULONA states that a notarial act performed by an authorized notarial officer in another state, or performed under federal law, or under authority of a federally recognized Indian tribe, has the same effect under the law as if performed by an authorized notarial officer of a RULONA state.
Alternate Forms of Acknowledgment Accepted in Out-of-State Documents
In Colorado, the URAA, in CRS 12-55-208 states, in addition to the statutory short forms of acknowledgment listed, the use of other forms of acknowledgment is not precluded.
Additional notarial elements that are sometimes requested are the official’s title or rank, notary’s place of residence, and notary ID number.
A California all-purpose acknowledgment includes a consumer disclosure notice, “A notary public or other officer completing this certificate verifies only the identity of the individual who signed the document to which this certificate is attached, and not the truthfulness, accuracy, or validity of that document.”
It also includes a perjury clause for the notary, “I certify under PENALTY OF PERJURY under the laws of the State of California that the foregoing paragraph is true and correct.”
The extra wording in the California acknowledgment is not required under Colorado law and is not prohibited. It may be crossed out, or the word California may be replaced with Colorado.
If the included notarial certificate does not comply with the notary laws for Colorado, the notary can make a correction by crossing out the inappropriate wording, inserting the correct wording, and adding the notary’s initials and date. Or, the notary can draw a diagonal line through the unused, incorrect certificate, attach a loose certificate with the correct wording, and add a note “see attached notarial certificate“.
For security, the loose certificate should include a description of the document, the document date, and the number of pages. The notary should staple the loose certificate securely to the document, and make a note in the notary journal that a loose certificate was attached.
Public Records Requirements
For out-of-state documents that will be recorded in public records, such as real estate deeds, the county clerk and recorder may reject documents that do not follow local requirements for document recording.
To avoid document rejection problems, the notary should accommodate requests to follow recording procedures, as long as they do not violate notary laws. Do not place the notary stamp, seal, signature or other writing in the 1-inch document margin. Notary stamp impressions and writing must be clear and legible. Names of signers must be spelled correctly.
Any loose notarial certificate must be the same size as other document pages, should follow the signature page, must be legible for reproduction, and should be attached in the same place and manner as other pages. Choose a selection for every option presented in the notarial certificate such as signer/signers, is/are, I/we, he/she, his/her.
Use a dark ink, preferably blue, for signatures and initials, to distinguish an original document from a copy. Avoid making corrections. If corrections are needed, have the signer initial corrections in the document. The notary should initial corrections in the notarial certificate or attach a corrected notarial certificate.
Beware of Potential Compliance Problems
The venue in the notarial certificate must show the state and county where the document was notarized, not where the out-of-state document is going or where it will be recorded. If an incorrect venue is already filled in, the notary must cross out the incorrect venue, add the correct venue, and initial and date the correction.
Some state laws require exact wording to be used in a notarial certificate, no alternative wording is allowed.
Some states prohibit the use of a hybrid certificate, which combines elements of an acknowledgment and a jurat.
Some states do not require a notary to use an embossed seal or rubber stamp. But the laws in the receiving state may require a seal or stamp.
Some states authorize notarial acts that are not authorized in other states. These acts include making a certified copy of a document, performing a marriage, notarizing for a family member, signature witnessing, taking a deposition, proof of execution, notice of dishonor, protest for non-payment of negotiable instrument, marine protest, certification that an act or event has occurred, vehicle identification number (VIN) verification, safe deposit box content verification and others.
Full Faith and Credit Clause
Article IV, Section 1 of the U.S. Constitution is known as the “Full Faith and Credit Clause“. It reads, “Full Faith and Credit shall be given in each State to the public Acts, Records, and judicial Proceedings of every other State. And the Congress may by general Laws prescribe the Manner in which such Acts, Records, and Proceedings shall be proved, and the Effect thereof.“
Its purpose is to extend recognition and enforcement to rights claimed by individuals by virtue of the laws or judicial decisions of another state or “jurisdiction” if there is no local law to the contrary. It does not require a state to substitute another state’s law or policy for its own or to honor something that is specifically against its own law. Some states accept notary acts done out-of-state under the full faith and credit clause.
Compatibility Statutes for Out-of-State Documents
Some states include compatibility laws that describe conditions for accepting notary acts done out-of-state. To avoid document rejection, an accommodation may be made to follow the conditions required by the receiving state or county, if the required conditions do not violate the laws of the notary’s state.
If a customer is requesting the notary to make an accommodation to follow required conditions at the receiving jurisdiction, the customer should provide the notary with a copy of the text of the relevant law or the statute number for research and review.
Notaries should follow the law and act with reasonable care when notarizing out-of-state documents.
Disclaimer: This information is for educational purposes only, and is not legal advice. For legal advice, contact an experienced attorney.
- USA Map of states, Wikimedia Commons, [CC BY-SA 3.0] creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/deed.en
- We The People, U.S. Constitution