Colorado Day is an annual observance that commemorates Colorado statehood, and Colorado history. On August 1, 1876, President Ulysses S. Grant signed a proclamation admitting Colorado as the 38th state of the United States.
Colorado Museums and Businesses Special Deals
Some museums offer free admission and special exhibits, and some businesses offer special deals for customers to celebrate Colorado Day. You can read more about history and find locations of history museums at History Colorado.
History Colorado community museums are located in Denver, Fort Garland, Georgetown, Leadville, Montrose, Platteville, Pueblo, and Trinidad.
The human history of Colorado extends back more than 13,000 years. Native American tribes that lived in the region included the Ancient Pueblo Peoples of the Colorado Plateau, the Apache, Arapaho, Cheyenne, Kiowa and Comanche of the Great Plains, the Shoshone of the Yampa River Valley, and the Ute tribe of the western mountains. Other migrating tribes also hunted in the region. Tribes acquired horses when the Spanish explorers arrived.
Spanish and French Explorers
The region was first visited by Spanish explorers, including Coronado, in the 1500s. Spanish conquistador Juan de Onate founded a provincial capital near Sante Fe, New Mexico in 1598. Santa Fe became a base for excursions in the region. The territory of Colorado was claimed for Spain by Juan de Ulibarri in 1706.
In 1779, south of Pueblo, Spanish explorer and Governor of New Mexico Juan Bautista de Anza defeated Chief Cuerno Verde (Green Horn) and other Comanches who had conducted raids on Taos.
In 1787, de Anza established the settlement of San Carlos de Los Jupes, near the confluence of the Arkansas and St. Charles River, near the present-day Pueblo airport. It was a settlement for the defeated Comanche, to make them civilized farmers, but it failed within a year. This was the only Spanish attempt to create a settlement on the Arkansas River. San Carlos (St. Charles) later became a stagecoach station, then a railroad station.
The United States acquired the land of eastern Colorado from France, as part of the Louisiana Purchase in 1803, when Thomas Jefferson was President. The central portion of the state was obtained in 1845 when the Republic of Texas became a state. The western part was obtained in 1848, as a result of the Mexican War.
There were also French-Canadian fur trappers and traders in the region, primarily following rivers and trading in beaver pelts. La Porte, Colorado was founded by French traders in 1828.
Colorado Territory, 1861
Before statehood, Congress created the Colorado Territory on February 28, 1861, near the beginning of the Civil War. The territory was formed from land that was previously part of Kansas Territory, Nebraska Territory, New Mexico Territory and Utah Territory.
Civil war issues and an economic slump delayed attempts to gain statehood during the 1860s. Following the Civil War, railroad development and silver discoveries drew thousands of new settlers, seeking fortunes in the 1870s.
Native Americans were moved to Indian Reservations, mostly in other states.
Early Colorado Notaries
The first notaries were likely royal notaries who traveled with the Spanish conquistadors. San Luis, the oldest town in Colorado, founded in 1851, by Spanish settlers from Taos, New Mexico, likely had a Spanish-speaking notary.
A Missouri notary performed a marriage at Bent’s Fort, on the Arkansas River, east of Pueblo, in 1842.
From the early gold and silver mining days, the state has grown into a diversified economy including agriculture, ranching, technology, mining, manufacturing, skiing, tourism, military bases, government offices, financial services, breweries, and entrepreneurs.
Current day Colorado has 64 counties, and covers 103,717 square miles, with a population of 5.4 million.
Enjoy living in, or visiting, Colorful Colorado, the Centennial State, on Colorado Day and throughout the year!
[Last-Modified Date 2017-03-11] add review schema, add page links
Colorado Day, Statehood August 1, 1876
Colorado Day, Statehood August 1, 1876